The Consortium

To achieve the project goals, partners combining the necessary key experience, expertise, and know-how are joining efforts in the eCAIMAN consortium; this includes renowned research institutes, a university, and a strong industrial presence of material and chemical suppliers, SME battery producers, and OEMs as end users. In this way, the project musters the necessary critical mass of highly relevant resources from a set of complementary partners distributed across Europe, covering research, development, testing and engineering. Since the partners are hands-on players in the field, it can be expected that eCAIMAN’s TRL6 results will be speedily industrialized.

AIT is the coordinator of the project AIT is also involved in WPs 2 and 3 as a partner on negative electrode materials research and development, vice-leadier of WP4 on electrode parameters optimization. AIT is WP leader for testing and evaluation of battery modules and prototypes in WP6. AIT will lead WP7 Dissemination. AIT involves the Advisory Board and Management decisions of WP8.

Arkema will develop new materials based on its fluorinated technologies to improve the lifetime, safety and performance of high- voltage Li-ion batteries. Therefore, Arkema will develop a second generation of Li salts that will consist in high purity LIFSI and LITDI. Arkema will also develop new fluorinated solvents to improve the stability of the electrolyte and finally will develop optimum electrolyte formulations for eCAIMAN Li-ion technology. Arkema will also develop a specific high purity grade of carbon nanotubes dedicated to Li-Ion batteries.

CEA will be involved in the synthesis of the 5V spinel material, considering both the current solid state synthesis route, and the new synthesis route (liquid phase), and a new doped composition of spinel. In the framework of the research activity related to 5V spinel material, CEA will work on the development of a coating layer on the spinel material in order to protect the interface between the active material and the electrolyte. CEA will also participate in the formulation of a new electrolyte that is stable at high voltages. CEA-LSPT will be task leader on the development of electrolytes for the project. In collaboration with ARKEMA, CEA LSPT will be in charge of developing electrolytes which will be used for the work on cell design and the Proof of Concept (evaluation of prototypes). CEA will be leader of the material synthesis task in WP1. In WP3, CEA will be task leader and participate actively in modelling activity. In WP5 CEA will participate in testing activities. Develop and test new high-voltage electrolytes.

CERTH will exploit its considerable tailored materials synthesis expertise, know-how and experimental infrastructure to the fabrication of active cathode and anode materials. The laboratory possesses advanced lab and pilot-scale material synthesis units for advanced aerosol-based nanoparticle synthesis and coatings and conventional wet-chemistry as well as for solid or liquid phase high- temperature synthesis. Thus, APTL will manufacture nanostructured materials (e.g. of core/shell or hollow structure), enhancing cell life-cycle and rate capability with cationic substitutions and/or surface modifications for spinel-structure cathodes and SnO2/Carbon composite anodes. A combined computational and experimental approach will be followed for the identification of the appropriate structures. The material synthesis efforts will be facilitated by in-situ and ex-situ material characterization instrumentation available in APTL.

The main role of CIDETEC is to develop electrochemical storage technologies systems, mainly based on tailored Li-ion electrochemistry. CIDETEC will bring, as the leader of WP4, its know-how on Li-ion electrode formulation, processing and cell design in order to support the up-scaling towards the realization of cells. CIDETEC will also participate in WP5 in the mechanical, periphery design of modules and the assembly of prototypes. In WP6, CIDETEC will be involved in the development of accelerated testing protocols to evaluate performance, lifetime, and safety of the cells, as well as on the electro-thermal modelling of cells.

CRF will be related to the specification of automotive requirements for the battery modules and packs, to the performance characterization of battery packs and modules. Moreover CRF will be involved in the environmental analysis related to the life cycle and to the end of life of the batteries and in the analysis of the toxicological profiles of the applied materials, in order to assure the safe application in the automotive field. Finally CRF will monitor the raw materials used to build the batteries in compliance with the “Raw Materials Initiative”, published in November 2008 and to the dal DG Enterprise definition of 2010.

Eutema will engage in Stakeholder/Project exploitation mapping, and dissemination activities via the existing networks and platforms as well as assisting the development of the implementation and exploitation roadmap.

IMERYS Graphite and Carbon is supplier of conductive additives and active materials for several electrochemical systems with customers around the world. Different groups at the centralised R&D centre work on several projects and activities to improve the carbonaceous materials for electrochemical applications like fuels cells and primary or secondary batteries. The interdisciplinary R&D Department consists of chemists and physicists with different academic backgrounds as well as engineers and technicians with broad experience and knowledge in process technology and application development.

Lithops has installed the first production scale Li-ion pouch cell assembly line in Italy (presently one of few in Europe), covering all steps from active material mixing to cell forming. Lithops has gained almost four years of experience in designing and assembling electrodes for different applications and using different active materials. Since 2013, Lithops has started to develop its own synthesis processes for active material preparation, installing a dedicated pilot plant. Lithops' core business is to become a recognised supplier of electrodes to unleash development of lithium-ion technology in the European market.

Piaggio will be involved in several tasks pertaining to the battery (WP4, WP5, WP6, WP7).Due to its experience and the know-how accumulated through several years in this field, Piaggio has taken responsibility for work package 4. This WP4 is about the definition and the design of the battery pack. Piaggio is very active and sensitive to the recycling and secondary use of the batteries, so it can contribute significantly to this part of the activity and can also lead this specific task (WP6).

POLITO will be involved in the development of the new hybrid anode materials based on metal alloys and metal composites in WP 2. POLITO will do electrochemical characterization for Lithops on the electrode materials they produce in WP5.

SP will development of cathode materials and surface treatment of materials. In WP4, SP will contributing to the formulation of cathode and anode, slurry and electrode engineering, and non-electrochemical characterization of surface/interface to support the leaders of each task. SP will evaluate the test results from WP5 and provide input on tests to conduct in WP5 based on investigation of safety concerns for the three electro-mobility applications (light vehicles, city cars and heavy vehicles) and a compilation of safety requirements in international standards such as ISO, IEC, and SAE Regulations.

ThinkStep will support and data modelling in WP 6. Provision of LCA data for the relevant processes and materials within the project.

Volvo will be involved mainly in WP5 and WP6. In both WPs Volvo will participate in the performance assessment, life-cycle tests, ageing testing and defining specification and safety requirements from the heavy duty vehicle aspects.